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The Blue Food Assessment

Blue foods* and the waters in which they grow have an essential role to play in the shift towards healthy, equitable and sustainable food systems. The Assessment provides a scientific foundation for decision-makers through peer-reviewed research and policy recommendations.

*Blue food: food derived from aquatic animals, plants or algae that are caught or cultivated in freshwater and marine environments.

Why is
it important?


species or species groups of fish, invertebrates, algae and aquatic plants are caught or cultivated for food.


of blue food consumed by people is produced by small-scale fisheries and aquaculture.

3 billion

people get vital nutrients and 20% of their animal protein from blue food.

800 million

people depend on blue food systems for their livelihoods.

Nearly 1/2

of the blue food workforce are women.